Health & Safety
CDG Environmental's chlorine dioxide generation processes involve a variety of chemical compounds. Following is a brief discussion of some of the health and safety issues associated with each. These are provided for summary purposes only. Before handling any chemical, persons are advised to acquire training in the handling and use of hazardous materials, and to become fully familiar with applicable Material Safety Data Sheets and operating manuals.
Chlorine Dioxide (ClO2)
Chlorine dioxide is a mucosal irritant, and rigorous regulatory personal-exposure standards apply (8-Hour TLV = 0.1 ppm). However, there is no indication of cumulative health effects, and none of the carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, or teratogenicity imputed to other sterilant gasses, such as ethylene oxide or formaldehyde.
Independent laboratories, in support of various USEPA, USFDA and other registrations and approvals, have performed extensive health effects testing of chlorine dioxide and its reaction by-products, including chlorite ions.
Chlorine gas, a powerful oxidizer and chlorinating agent and a severe respiratory and mucosal irritant, is an essential feedstock for CDG Gas:Solid systems. The fire and personal exposure risks associated with chlorine gas are well documented. Comprehensive guidelines for handling chlorine gas are published by the Chlorine Institute.
SAF-T-CHLOR™ Granular Sodium Chlorite (NaClO2)
Sodium chlorite is an essential feedstock for CDG GAS:SOLID™ systems. Sodium chlorite, either solid or solution, can cause severe irritation if inhaled or ingested, or if it contacts the eyes. It can cause skin irritation and burns if it contacts the skin.
The health risks associated with sodium chlorite are detailed in the SAF-T-CHLOR™ sodium chorite MSDS published by CDG Envrionmental, as well as in literature available from sodium chlorite producers.